Test Yourself

Case 2


An elderly man with a presented with a history of fevers for 2 weeks. He had previously undergone pacemaker insertion.


Parasternal views were difficult to obtain, with the best views being from the apical window.

The pacemaker wire is seen passing through the tricuspid valve into the right ventricle. On the wire there is a large, mobile, echogenic mass consistent with a vegetation. 

The left ventricle is dilated with poor systolic function.


Infection can complicate any intracardiac device. Pacemaker infections are usually confined to the skin and pacemaker pocket. Pacemaker endocarditis is rare but has a particularly high mortality and generally necessitates the removal of the entire infected pacemaker system (including the wire).


Adrian Goudie

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Apical 4 Chamber

An echogenic mobile mass is seen in the right ventricle
Apical 4 Chamber RV Inflow Tract Right Ventricle with Pacing Wire Right Ventricle Apical 2 Chamber